Your breath is one of the most sacred, yet forgotten, parts of your daily existence.
As one of the few functions in the human body that is both conscious and unconscious, the breath is a conduit of life. It is the physical manifestation of your chi (qi), prana, or lifeforce energy. And you do it 23,000 times a day.
Most of all, your breath is always there for you, 24/7, until the day you die. It is there not only to help animate your body, but also to help it heal, purge old energy and toxins, and invite in whatever is new and invigorating.
Isn’t that beautiful? Isn’t that comforting?
Whenever you need a burst of fresh energy, breathe. Whenever you need to process heavy emotions, breathe. Whenever you need to calm down, breathe.
You have an anchor, a doorway into immediate meditation with you wherever you go and whatever you do – and that’s what’s so bewitching about breathwork. Breathwork simply takes this natural, primordial bodily function and makes a conscious practice out of it.
In this article, I’m going to explore a few different varieties of breathwork with you – and they all beautifully complement the inner work practices of self-love, inner child work, and shadow work that we keep returning back to exploring on this website.
What is Breathwork?
Breathwork, while ancient, is a term that first originated in the 1970’s and refers to the practice of consciously directing the breath. The goal of breathwork is to positively alter the body, mind, heart, or spirit, and produce therapeutic inner transformation. There are numerous forms of breathwork in existence today. While some of them go right back to the old yogic practices of pranayama, others are relatively new such as the Wim Hof method.
Benefits of Breathwork
– Mark Nepo
There is a smorgasbord of benefits associated with practicing regular breathwork. While some are scientifically proven, others are waiting to be validated. Here is what you can potentially experience from doing breathwork:
- Relaxes your nervous system
- More calmness (and less anxiety/stress)
- More self-acceptance (and less depression)
- Enhances overall mental health
- Improves immune function (which means you stay healthy for longer)
- Alkalizes your blood and decreases inflammation in the body
- Enhances mental clarity and focus
- More energy and vitality
- Can result in a mystical experience or deep spiritual insights
- Boosts feelings of joy and happiness
- Aids creativity
- Feeling more connected with others
- Increases mindfulness and appreciation of life
On a side note, some breathwork practices also have mind-altering effects (read: they get you high), which many people find enjoyable. 🙂 In fact, the term ‘breathwork’ rose in popularity in the 1960’s-70’s mostly thanks to LSD researchers Dr. Stanislav and Christina Grof who created their Holotropic Breathwork model thanks to their findings.
Before we dive deeper into this topic, I want to issue a warning. Breathwork, for some people, particularly those with pre-existing heart problems, can be dangerous. It’s best to speak to a qualified medical practitioner before attempting any form of breathwork, particularly if your health is fragile. Pregnant women should also seek professional advice first. Furthermore, some forms of breathwork are best practiced with a qualified practitioner, such as Holotropic and Rebirthing breathwork.
Above all, if you feel intense discomfort or feelings of unsafety during this practice (either by yourself or with another person), stop immediately. The beauty of breathwork is that you can stop at any time, and indeed you should stop if at any point it becomes too much for you.
5 Types of Breathwork
Where to start? There are many varieties of breathwork, and below I’ll summarize them:
Arguably the oldest form of ‘breathwork’ there is, pranayama (a Sanskrit word that translates to “breath control”) is a series of yogic breathing techniques that are designed to liberate the flow of prana (life force energy) and increase spiritual self-realization. Pranayama can either be practiced alongside yoga asanas (poses) or by itself. There are eight types of pranayama with dozens of individual methods described in the Vedas (ancient Indian religious texts). Some of the more common ones are Skull Shining Breath (or Kapalabhati), Alternate Nostril Breathing (or Nadi Shodhan), and Conqueror Breath (or Ujjayi).
2. Holotropic breathwork
Created by transpersonal Czech psychiatrists Stanislav and Christina Grof, holotropic breathwork was created in the 1970s as a way of helping people to experience deep inner healing and transformation. After studying and experiencing the therapeutic effects of the drug LSD, the Grof’s developed their holotropic model after the ban of this psychedelic drug in the 1960s. The intention was to design an experience that was similar to LSD with its mind-altered effects but without the side effects (and legal issues). Holotropic breathwork is often practiced to the rhythm of primal music, with participants breathing rapidly under instruction for up to two hours or more. Afterward, the practice is accompanied by drawing mandalas and discussing what happened. This is a breathwork technique that must be practiced with a qualified practitioner. The ultimate goal is to access higher states of consciousness and connect with the soul.
3. Rebirthing breathwork
This is a breathwork technique that was developed by visionary Leonard Orr in the 1970s. Orr reported having re-lived his own birth in a bathtub, which is what inspired him to devise this method. The goal of this technique is to connect you with the subconscious mind, release traumatic childhood memories, and experience a kind of invigorating ‘rebirth’ (hence the name). It utilizes a circular breathing technique alongside the guidance of a trained facilitator. Some forms of rebirthing are conducted in a bathtub to mimic the process of being born (or reborn in this case).
4. Shamanic breathwork
Shamanic breathwork is a modern adaptation of old circular breathing techniques with the purpose of getting a person in touch with their inner healer (shaman). During a shamanic breathwork experience, participants begin by smudging, chanting, and setting an intention. They then breathe rhythmically to primal music (such as the sound of drums), with some practitioners involving chakra healing, spirit animal contact, and other practices in the breathwork session. Other than connecting with your inner shaman, shamanic breathwork’s aim is to help you experience more wholeness, healing, and inner guidance.
5. Wim Hof breathwork
A relatively new technique (although based on ancient pranayama methods), the Wim Hof method was developed by Dutch extreme athlete Wim Hof – also known as “The Iceman.” He earned his nickname thanks to a series of intense physical feats, such as being able to withstand freezing cold temperatures and ice baths for prolonged periods of time. His method involves three central pillars: exposure to cold, breathing (controlled hyperventilation), and meditation. The breathwork part of his method involves taking thirty power-breaths and then after that, taking a deep inhale and retaining your breath as long as comfortable, then exhale. Afterward, inhale deeply for another 10-15 seconds, retain, and then exhale. This process is then repeated for up to three more rounds. The Wim Hof method is aimed toward increasing physical and mental wellbeing and has been scientifically linked to a number of benefits.
Other forms of breathwork include:
- Integrative breathwork
- Transformational breathwork
- Biodynamic breathwork
- Clarity breathwork
- Zen Yoga Breathwork
If I’ve missed out any, let me know in the comments!
Breathwork and Spiritual Growth
– Ron Teeguarden
As we’ve seen, breathwork can help us on a physical, mental, emotional, and even spiritual level. What’s essential is setting an intention beforehand. Without a clear intention, it can be difficult to appreciate (and sometimes notice) the benefits and changes brought about by breathwork.
Think about what issue you’re facing in life the most right now. Perhaps the issue is a physical illness. Breathwork can help you with that, but it can also go to the deeper roots of that issue that are often spiritual in nature. (See our article on soul loss for more information.)
By creating a drug-free altered state of consciousness, breathwork helps us to access the realm of our Souls and dip into the ethereal world of Spirit. Some of the greatest discoveries, epiphanies, and breakthroughs you can ever make might be through a breathwork session. What’s important is that you choose a form of breathwork that resonates with you – this is what will make the process deep and impactful.
By helping us to release deep layers of pain, trauma, and repressed emotion, breathwork liberates energy within us – energy to heal, to transform, and to connect with our True Nature.
5 Breathwork Practices That You Can Practice Alone
– R. Johnson
For most of the above breathwork practices, you need a qualified practitioner to help facilitate the process (it’s safer and more effective that way). But understandably, not everyone has time or money to find a breathwork facilitator.
Thankfully there are some gentle but transformative breathwork techniques out there that you can practice alone (or with a friend). Please note, however, that everyone is different, and some people might find the following techniques too intense. Listen to your body, and if at any point you feel overwhelmed by strong emotions or physical sensations, stop.
Below we’ll explore some simple forms of breathwork that you can (usually) practice by yourself:
1. Alternate Nostril Breathing (a pranayama technique)
Also known as Nadi Shodhana, alternate nostril breathing is an ancient yogic breathwork technique that helps you to calm down and find inner peace. This practice is particularly helpful to those who suffer from chronic stress, anxiety, ungroundedness, or insomnia.
Alternate nostril breathing is also said to enhance mental focus, remove toxins from the body, balance the right and left hemispheres of the brain, and clear the energy channels within the body.
Here is an instructional video:
2. The 4-7-8 Relaxing Breath
This simple practice is perfect for when you’re short on time. It helps you to connect with your body, be present with your emotions, and unwind your nervous system. The basic premise is to breathe in for a count of four, hold four a count of seven, and exhale for a count of eight.
This video will give you an idea of how to practice 4-7-8 breathing:
3. Soft Belly Breathing
In the modern world, a large percentage of us breathe from our chests, not from our abdomen. Unfortunately, this chest-breathing increases stress, nervous tension, and a racing mind that never seems to calm down.
Learning how the belly breath is vital if we are to find our inner center. But frustratingly, those who encourage belly breathing often forget one vital thing: it has to be soft and unforced. Ironically, when we force the belly breath, the result is a feeling of increased anxiety.
As author and breathing practitioner Patrick McKeown writes:
Unlike many modern Western teachers of yoga, who instruct students to breathe hard in order to remove toxins from the body, authentic teachers know that when it comes to breathing, less is more. The traditional Chinese practice of Taoism succinctly describes ideal breathing as ‘so smooth that the fine hairs within the nostrils remain motionless’. True health and inner peace occurs when breathing is quiet, effortless, soft, through the nose, abdominal, rhythmic and gently paused on the exhale. This is how human beings naturally breathed until modern life changed everything.
Therefore, the goal with soft belly breathing isn’t to force any breath, but instead allow the breath to become soft, deep, and abdominal.
This video might help you begin a belly breathing practice:
4. Circular Breathing
Circular breathing (not to be confused with circular musician breathing) needs to be approached gently and mindfully, especially as it’s often used as a consciousness-altering technique.
When we circular breathe, we take a gentle breath in and out without pausing. This is a practice that can be done quietly or out loud (that is, making a noise when breathing out).
As a breathwork technique, circular breathing can release old emotions, cleanse the energetic and emotional body, and even open up the mind to deep spiritual insights.
Here is an instructional video:
5. Visualization Breathing
There are endless forms of visualization that we can use in conjunction with deep breathing – and that’s what makes this breathwork practice so eclectic. Visualization breathing can be uniquely tailored to your needs in the moment; all you need is your breath and creative imagination.
Some common forms of visualization breathing are:
- Visualizing light washing through your body as you inhale and exhale
- Visualizing each of your seven chakras glowing as you breathe into them
- Visualizing air moving through your respiratory system
- Visualizing all stress and illness leaving your body as you exhale
- Breathing in light, breathing out darkness
- Breathing in pain, and breathing out loving-kindness (‘Tonglen’ Buddhist practice)
This video might inspire you:
(Bonus) 6. Triangle and Square Breathing
I’ve included both of these breathwork techniques under a single heading because they’re similar and so simple that a child could do them.
Triangle breathing is perfect for those who suffer from panic attacks and intense bursts of anxiety as it focuses on lengthening the exhale (rather than the inhale). Breathe in for a count of four, hold for four seconds, and breathe out for a count of six (4-4-6). While doing this breathing practice, it helps to visualize tracing the outline of a triangle.
Here is a helpful video (instruction starts at 1:40):
Square breathing is slightly more simple and great for those who struggle to memorize breathing techniques. (It’s also great for kids.) Simply breathe in for the count of four, hold for the count of four, and exhale for the count of four (4-4-4). You can also visualize forming a square in your mind while doing this breathwork practice if it helps.
In this video, square breathing is explained (instruction starts at 1:06)
Both of these simple breathwork practices help to ground and center the body and mind. They can also be used before (or during) meditation practice, and as a mindfulness technique.
Breathwork is a powerful practice that can accompany you anytime, anywhere, on your life path. Not only is it freely accessible and gloriously straight-forward (in most cases), but its ability to aid spiritual growth and transformation is what makes it so valuable to begin with.
To start your journey with breathwork, choose one of the above practices (that you can do
alone) and dedicate just a couple of minutes each day to it. It’s a good idea to set a regular time, such as in the morning or just before bed, to make a solid habit. (If you struggle to remember, set a reminder on your phone or calendar.)
If you want to experience the benefits of breathwork firsthand, right now, watch the video below. It’s one of my favorite calming visuals that helps to guide the breath and slow it down:
What is your favorite breathwork practice and why? I’d love to hear in the comments. Also, if you’ve had any amazing or mind-blowing experiences while doing breathwork, share in the comments about that as well!